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  • 17

    2021-5

    硬轨立式加工中心的简单介绍

    硬(ying)轨(gui)(gui)(gui)立(li)式(shi)加(jia)(jia)工(gong)中心(xin)(xin)指的(de)(de)(de)(de)是(shi)导(dao)轨(gui)(gui)(gui)和床(chuang)身(shen)是(shi)一体的(de)(de)(de)(de)铸(zhu)(zhu)造(zao)件(jian),然后在(zai)铸(zhu)(zhu)件(jian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)基础上加(jia)(jia)工(gong)出导(dao)轨(gui)(gui)(gui),是(shi)一种(zhong)硬(ying)性导(dao)轨(gui)(gui)(gui)。即(ji)床(chuang)身(shen)上铸(zhu)(zhu)造(zao)出导(dao)轨(gui)(gui)(gui)的(de)(de)(de)(de)形(xing)状,再通过淬火、磨削(xue)(xue)后加(jia)(jia)工(gong)成的(de)(de)(de)(de)导(dao)轨(gui)(gui)(gui),也(ye)有床(chuang)身(shen)和导(dao)轨(gui)(gui)(gui)不一定一体的(de)(de)(de)(de),比(bi)如镶(xiang)(xiang)钢(gang)(gang)导(dao)轨(gui)(gui)(gui),就是(shi)加(jia)(jia)工(gong)后钉接在(zai)床(chuang)身(shen)上的(de)(de)(de)(de),cnc加(jia)(jia)工(gong)中心(xin)(xin)使用(yong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)硬(ying)轨(gui)(gui)(gui)一般为(wei)矩形(xing)结构,俗(su)称(cheng)矩型(xing)导(dao)轨(gui)(gui)(gui),。也(ye)有些硬(ying)轨(gui)(gui)(gui)不是(shi)和床(chuang)身(shen)为(wei)一体的(de)(de)(de)(de)导(dao)轨(gui)(gui)(gui),如镶(xiang)(xiang)钢(gang)(gang)导(dao)轨(gui)(gui)(gui)。硬(ying)轨(gui)(gui)(gui)立(li)式(shi)加(jia)(jia)工(gong)中心(xin)(xin)就是(shi)能在(zai)床(chuang)身(shen)上铸(zhu)(zhu)造(zao)出导(dao)轨(gui)(gui)(gui)形(xing)状的(de)(de)(de)(de)加(jia)(jia)工(gong)中心(xin)(xin)。硬(ying)轨(gui)(gui)(gui)立(li)式(shi)行(xing)程大,工(gong)作台面积大,可加(jia)(jia)工(gong)较(jiao)大尺寸的(de)(de)(de)(de)工(gong)件(jian),主(zhu)轴电机功率大,能提供强大的(de)(de)(de)(de)切削(xue)(xue)力,适合用(yong)于重切削(xue)(xue)...
  • 7

    2021-5

    加工中心的组成及硬轨、线轨加工中心的优点

    加工(gong)(gong)(gong)中(zhong)心的(de)(de)基础部件(jian)由(you)(you)床身、立柱和(he)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)台等(deng)组成(cheng),主要承受中(zhong)心的(de)(de)静载荷以(yi)及在加工(gong)(gong)(gong)时产生的(de)(de)切削负载。主轴(zhou)部件(jian)由(you)(you)主轴(zhou)箱、主轴(zhou)电动(dong)机、主轴(zhou)和(he)主轴(zhou)轴(zhou)承等(deng)零(ling)件(jian)组成(cheng),决定加工(gong)(gong)(gong)精度及稳定性(xing)。数控(kong)系统(tong)由(you)(you)CNC装置(zhi),可编程(cheng)控(kong)制(zhi)器PLC、伺服驱(qu)动(dong)装置(zhi)以(yi)及操作(zuo)面板等(deng)组成(cheng)。自动(dong)换刀(dao)系统(tong)由(you)(you)刀(dao)库、机械(xie)手驱(qu)动(dong)机构等(deng)部件(jian)组成(cheng),解(jie)决工(gong)(gong)(gong)件(jian)一次装夹后多工(gong)(gong)(gong)序连续加工(gong)(gong)(gong)中(zhong),工(gong)(gong)(gong)序与(yu)工(gong)(gong)(gong)序之间的(de)(de)刀(dao)具自动(dong)储存(cun)选择(ze)搬运和(he)交换的(de)(de)任(ren)务(wu)。辅助装置(zhi)包括润滑、冷(leng)却、排屑、防(fang)护、液压、气动(dong)和(he)检测系统(tong)等(deng)。硬轨加工(gong)(gong)(gong)中(zhong)心的(de)(de)优点:1.能够(gou)承受更大的(de)(de)载荷...
  • 20

    2021-4

    高速立式加工中心主轴箱的结构优化设计

    对高(gao)(gao)度(du)复杂曲面(mian)和多工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)序工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)件进(jin)行(xing)高(gao)(gao)效率的(de)(de)(de)(de)精细化(hua)(hua)加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong),是高(gao)(gao)速立(li)式加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)中(zhong)心主(zhu)要(yao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)特(te)性。这种加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)设(she)(she)备除了因配置有刀(dao)(dao)库及自(zi)动(dong)换(huan)刀(dao)(dao)装置,使得(de)机(ji)床可以进(jin)行(xing)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)件各加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)刀(dao)(dao)具的(de)(de)(de)(de)自(zi)动(dong)更(geng)换(huan)以外,还具有高(gao)(gao)速加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)特(te)点。高(gao)(gao)速立(li)式加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)中(zhong)心主(zhu)轴箱的(de)(de)(de)(de)结(jie)构优化(hua)(hua)设(she)(she)计:优化(hua)(hua)前把主(zhu)轴箱尺(chi)寸变(bian)量(liang)设(she)(she)定(ding)为设(she)(she)计变(bian)量(liang),通过更(geng)改设(she)(she)计变(bian)量(liang)来达到改变(bian)几何(he)形状的(de)(de)(de)(de)目(mu)的(de)(de)(de)(de),实现参数(shu)化(hua)(hua)、智能化(hua)(hua),为主(zhu)轴箱的(de)(de)(de)(de)动(dong)态(tai)优化(hua)(hua)提供条(tiao)件。利用(yong)加(jia)(jia)强筋单元应(ying)(ying)变(bian)能的(de)(de)(de)(de)全局灵(ling)敏度(du),观(guan)察(cha)各参数(shu)对目(mu)标函数(shu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)影响因子(zi),给(ji)出(chu)主(zhu)轴箱加(jia)(jia)强筋,优化(hua)(hua)位置及尺(chi)寸,应(ying)(ying)用(yong)设(she)(she)计变(bian)量(liang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)单元...
  • 10

    2021-3

    硬轨立式加工中心的用途及特征

    一、硬轨(gui)立式(shi)加(jia)(jia)工中心的(de)用(yong)途及(ji)特征:1、由冷却(que)系统及(ji)油冷机(ji)对加(jia)(jia)工切削及(ji)主轴(zhou)进(jin)行(xing)冷却(que)。2、由润滑系统给各传动(dong)进(jin)行(xing)润滑,降低磨(mo)擦阻(zu)力,增长机(ji)器的(de)使用(yong)寿(shou)命。3、可(ke)配(pei)的(de)排屑机(ji)进(jin)行(xing)集中排屑。4、可(ke)配(pei)有刀(dao)库实行(xing)自动(dong)换刀(dao),节(jie)省换刀(dao)过(guo)程时间(jian)。5、以第(di)四轴(zhou)及(ji)回转工作台可(ke)实现水平(第(di)四轴(zhou))运(yun)动(dong)。6、采用(yong)三轴(zhou)矩(ju)形(xing)淬(cui)硬滑动(dong)导(dao)轨(gui),具(ju)有高(gao)刚性、高(gao)精度(du)(du)、高(gao)速度(du)(du)、高(gao)效率、高(gao)可(ke)靠性、大(da)扭(niu)矩(ju)等特点,加(jia)(jia)工适(shi)(shi)用(yong)范围广。7、硬轨(gui)立式(shi)加(jia)(jia)工中心适(shi)(shi)用(yong)于汽车、摩托车、机(ji)械制造、缝纫机(ji)、电(dian)机(ji)、仪器仪表等行(xing)业的(de)阀(fa)类、凸轮、模(mo)具(ju)、板...
  • 1

    2021-3

    线轨立式加工中心的用途及性能优势

    一、线轨立式(shi)加(jia)(jia)工(gong)中(zhong)心(xin)的用(yong)途:1、主(zhu)要(yao)用(yong)于加(jia)(jia)工(gong)板类、盘(pan)类件、壳体件、模具等精度(du)高、工(gong)序多、形状复(fu)杂的零件,可在一次(ci)装夹(jia)中(zhong)连续完(wan)成铣、钻、扩、铰、镗、攻丝及二维三维曲面,斜面的精确(que)加(jia)(jia)工(gong),加(jia)(jia)工(gong)实现程序化,缩(suo)短了(le)生产周期,从而使用(yong)户获得良好的经(jing)济效(xiao)(xiao)益(yi)。2、采(cai)用(yong)立式(shi)框架布局,立柱(zhu)(zhu)固定在床身(shen)上,主(zhu)轴(zhou)(zhou)箱沿(yan)立柱(zhu)(zhu)上下移动(Z向)、滑座沿(yan)床身(shen)纵向移动(Y向)、工(gong)作台(tai)沿(yan)滑座横向移动(X向)的结构。3、床身(shen)、工(gong)作台(tai)、滑座、立柱(zhu)(zhu)、主(zhu)轴(zhou)(zhou)箱等大件均采(cai)用(yong)高强度(du)铸铁材料(liao),造型为(wei)树脂砂工(gong)艺,两次(ci)时效(xiao)(xiao)处理消除应力...
  • 14

    2021-1

    艾格玛龙门加工中心的构成及特征

    一、艾格玛龙门(men)(men)加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)心的(de)(de)(de)构(gou)成(cheng)及(ji)特征:艾格玛龙门(men)(men)加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)心是指(zhi)主轴(zhou)轴(zhou)线与工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)台(tai)(tai)垂直设置(zhi)的(de)(de)(de)加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)心,整体结构(gou)是门(men)(men)式框架(jia),由(you)双立柱(zhu)(zhu)和(he)顶梁(liang)构(gou)成(cheng),中(zhong)(zhong)间还有横(heng)梁(liang)。尤其适(shi)用于加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)大型工(gong)(gong)(gong)件(jian)(jian)和(he)形(xing)状复杂的(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)件(jian)(jian)。1、工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)台(tai)(tai):工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)台(tai)(tai)基本(ben)上(shang)是长(zhang)方形(xing)的(de)(de)(de)。工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)台(tai)(tai)、床身、立柱(zhu)(zhu)、横(heng)梁(liang)和(he)滑枕等大型铸(zhu)(zhu)件(jian)(jian)采用米汉(han)纳铸(zhu)(zhu)铁,铸(zhu)(zhu)件(jian)(jian)内腔系蜂巢式复合排列结构(gou),设计先进(jin)均经时效及(ji)二(er)次回火处理,消除残(can)留内应力使材(cai)质稳(wen)定(ding)确保工(gong)(gong)(gong)件(jian)(jian)加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)精度的(de)(de)(de)稳(wen)定(ding)及(ji)机床寿命。2、龙门(men)(men):龙门(men)(men)由(you)一个横(heng)梁(liang)和(he)两个立柱(zhu)(zhu)构(gou)成(cheng)。分为横(heng)梁(liang)固定(ding)、横(heng)梁(liang)靠定(ding)位块锁(suo)定(ding)分段升降(jiang)和(he)...
  • 4

    2021-1

    高精度立式加工中心的工作精度及特点

    一(yi)、高精(jing)(jing)度(du)(du)(du)立式加(jia)工中心的(de)(de)(de)工作(zuo)精(jing)(jing)度(du)(du)(du)及特点:1、几何精(jing)(jing)度(du)(du)(du)、传动(dong)(dong)精(jing)(jing)度(du)(du)(du)和定位精(jing)(jing)度(du)(du)(du)是在(zai)没有切削载荷以及机(ji)(ji)床不运动(dong)(dong)或运动(dong)(dong)速度(du)(du)(du)较低的(de)(de)(de)情(qing)况(kuang)下(xia)检测(ce)的(de)(de)(de)静态精(jing)(jing)度(du)(du)(du)。由于机(ji)(ji)床实际工作(zuo)中受切削力。2、夹紧(jin)力的(de)(de)(de)影(ying)(ying)响,机(ji)(ji)床零、部(bu)件产生热变形影(ying)(ying)响,机(ji)(ji)床产生振(zhen)动(dong)(dong)影(ying)(ying)响,相(xiang)对滑动(dong)(dong)面(mian)之间的(de)(de)(de)油膜以及其他因(yin)素的(de)(de)(de)影(ying)(ying)响,从而(er)影(ying)(ying)响工件的(de)(de)(de)加(jia)工精(jing)(jing)度(du)(du)(du)。3、台(tai)群加(jia)工中心采用中国台(tai)湾制精(jing)(jing)密C3级高速度(du)(du)(du)静音丝杆,实施了预压紧(jin),消除了在(zai)移(yi)动(dong)(dong)滚珠丝杆时因(yin)温度(du)(du)(du)上升产生的(de)(de)(de)膨胀和移(yi)送轴的(de)(de)(de)齿合间隙。4、以滚动(dong)(dong)代(dai)替滑动(dong)(dong),摩擦(ca)损失小(xiao),定位精(jing)(jing)度(du)(du)(du)高。主轴温控...
  • 18

    2020-12

    认识线轨加工中心,从它的性能开始

    什(shen)么是(shi)线(xian)(xian)轨(gui)(gui)(gui)加(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)中心?线(xian)(xian)轨(gui)(gui)(gui)全(quan)称为(wei)线(xian)(xian)性(xing)导轨(gui)(gui)(gui),一(yi)般指的(de)是(shi)滚(gun)(gun)(gun)动导轨(gui)(gui)(gui)。常见(jian)结构(gou)有滚(gun)(gun)(gun)珠(zhu)导轨(gui)(gui)(gui)和(he)滚(gun)(gun)(gun)柱导轨(gui)(gui)(gui)两(liang)种(zhong),其(qi)区别(bie)是(shi)滚(gun)(gun)(gun)珠(zhu)导轨(gui)(gui)(gui)为(wei)点接(jie)触(chu)(chu)型,滚(gun)(gun)(gun)柱导轨(gui)(gui)(gui)为(wei)线(xian)(xian)接(jie)触(chu)(chu)型,其(qi)原(yuan)理都是(shi)一(yi)至的(de),同样都是(shi)在导轨(gui)(gui)(gui)上滚(gun)(gun)(gun)动来(lai)带动滑(hua),线(xian)(xian)性(xing)导轨(gui)(gui)(gui)承受切削(xue)力相对(dui)较小(xiao)。线(xian)(xian)轨(gui)(gui)(gui)加(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)中心独特坚稳(wen)持久的(de)刚(gang)性(xing)主(zhu)结构(gou),经由工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)力学的(de)反(fan)复仿真(zhen)与(yu)计算,设计坚稳(wen)的(de)床(chuang)身结构(gou),达到刚(gang)性(xing)倍(bei)增而质量(liang)精简的(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)需求(qiu)。全(quan)面硬(ying)化处理的(de)移动滑(hua)轨(gui)(gui)(gui),搭配(pei)精密的(de)研磨加(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong),组合出令人满意(yi)的(de)精度品(pin)质。不(bu)仅适用于板(ban)类、盘(pan)类、壳体(ti)类、精密零件的(de)加(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong),而且适用于模具加(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)。机床(chuang)...
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